What Is Uniswap and How Does It Work?

trader joe

Order book-based trading is where buy and sell orders are presented in a list along with the total amount placed in each order. Uniswap is a leading decentralized crypto exchange that runs on the Ethereum blockchain. Uniswap is an innovative project that has delivered the most popular decentralized exchange in the crypto industry. Online wallets or web wallets are also free and easy to use, accessible from multiple devices using a web browser. They are considered hot wallets and can be less secure than hardware or software alternatives, however. As you are likely trusting the platform to manage your UNI, you should select a reputable service with a track record in security and custody.

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In short, Uniswap v2 permitted liquidity pools consisting of any two ERC-20 tokens instead of needing to have ETH alongside one ERC-20 token. The Uniswap company received investments from business angel Ric Burton and venture capital firms, including Andreessen Horowitz, Paradigm Venture Capital, Union Square Ventures LLC and ParaFi. Uniswap’s average daily trading volume was US$220 million in October 2020. Traders and investors have utilized Uniswap because of its usage in decentralized finance . Arbitrage traders are an essential component of the Uniswap ecosystem. These are traders that specialize in finding price discrepancies across multiple exchanges and use them to secure a profit.

For example, say David buys 1 ETH for 1600 DAI using the ETH/DAI liquidity pool. By doing this trade, David has increased the amount of DAI in the pool while reducing the amount of ETH. This effectively means that the price of ETH goes up, because there is less ETH in the pool after the transaction, and we know that the total liquidity must remain constant.

Uniswap Governance: $UNI Token

Uniswap uses smart contracts to also avoid liquidity issues that traditionally affect centralized exchanges. The elimination of any rent-seeking third party, such as a centralized exchange or financial institution, can also reduce transaction processing fees. This “liquidity provider fee” is set at a certain amount of the trade value and is automatically distributed to LPs.

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It is a simple matter of connecting a MetaMask wallet to one of Uniswap’s hundreds of token pair pools and adding liquidity. The above ETH/USDT pool is highly popular, as is usually the case with token pairs that hold stablecoins. After all, stablecoins serve as a bridge between fiat currencies and crypto assets. In addition to tracking price, volume and market capitalisation, CoinGecko tracks community growth, open-source code development, major events and on-chain metrics. The reverse is also true; users can utilize the Liquidity Book model to DCA in by reversing the process and doing a single-side supply of ETH below the current market price. With both of these applications of the Spot shape, users enter or exit their position gradually with a single transaction and earn swap fees in the process.

But the nuances and complexities involved form part of the reward in this new era of liquidity provision. An argument can be made that because Trader Joe’s Liquidity Book model allows for more specific liquidity provision, LPs will face the potential for the most significant impermanent loss in these pools. However, Trader Joe introduced the Volatility Accumulator, which monitors volatility judged by bin changes. The Volatility Accumulator automatically increases swap fees when volatility rises, helping protect LPs against impermanent loss. Above are several strategies outlined by Trader Joe, and users who want to provide liquidity can select a shape that best suits their goals.

Integrate with Uniswap

However, this happened in the crypto market’s downturn, so Adams was starting to run low on cash. Citadel Securities, Credit Suisse Securities, and Goldman Sachs are some of the biggest market makers. Even the world’s largest bank, JPMorgan Chase, has its own market maker at the New York Stock Exchange, Virtu Financial. Liquidity providers can observe where other market participants have deposited liquidity on Trader Joe, and the above graphic shows the current liquidity distribution for ETH-USDC. Then, in the “To” field, select the USDC token and set the amount to 100.

trading fees

The general idea is that individuals can earn tokens in exchange for providing the liquidity necessary to facilitate trades of a specific token pair on the platform. Any user with a web3 wallet and the ETH to pay gas fees can launch a liquidity pool for any token, effectively listing it on the exchange for 0 fees paid to the exchange itself. When other liquidity providers add to an existing pool, they must deposit both tokens equivalent to their current price.

Top Decentralized Exchanges by Trading Volume

Uniswap has no shortage of copycats, such as SushiSwap or Uniswap DEX. After all, Uniswap’s open-source code is easy to copy and slightly tweak. However, after initial promises of higher liquidity yields, they deflated while Uniswap remained steadfast. Of course, although Uniswap should be viewed more as a DeFi protocol than a company, it is made by people. Like everyone else, they need money to keep pushing the DeFi envelope. This Uniswap primer explains the basics for one of DeFi most used platforms. You will receive an email with instructions on how to reset your password in a few minutes.

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Instead, they can execute any business strategic management mba advance entry instantly at a known price provided there’s enough liquidity in the particular pool to facilitate it. If you already own Uniswap and hold it on a Kriptomat exchange wallet, you can easily sell it by navigating the interface and choosing your desired payment option. 60% of the 1 billion UNI token supply was airdropped to Uniswap community members .

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The Uniswap platform can support the exchange of any digital token that adheres to the Ethereum technical standard known as ERC-20. Uniswap uses smart contracts, which are enabled by blockchain technology, to function as an automated market maker. UNI tokens can be bought and sold on various cryptocurrency exchanges, so traders can use UNI tokens to trade for other cryptocurrencies or to participate in decentralized finance applications.

  • As you can see, Uniswap addressed the problem of decentralized liquidity, and the incentive structure as well.
  • In both models, liquidity providers face a greater risk of impermanent loss than traditional pools because liquidity is distributed in a narrower range.
  • UNI can also be used for speculation and investment, or as an alternative to expensive and slow international transfers.
  • Cryptocurrencies without depending on a central authority or intermediary, while maintaining censorship resistance.

The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace. The Uniswap platform is governed by UNI holders in proportion to how much UNI they own. Forum Discuss governance and more.GitHub View all Uniswap repositories. Learn about the core concepts of the Uniswap Protocol, Swaps, Pools, Concentrated Liquidity and more.

The ‘Active Bin’ contains both tokens in the pairing and determines the asset’s current market value. The active bin is the only bin that earns trading fees, and trades made in this bin suffer no slippage. The introduction of bins has upgraded even Uniswap V3’s concentrated liquidity, given the precision of the bins and the greater concentration of liquidity at more narrowly defined price points. The Liquidity Book model, similar to Uniswap V3 pools, allows for concentrated liquidity, allowing liquidity providers to define custom price ranges.

The https://1investing.in/ token entitles its holders to governance rights, meaning they can vote on changes and improvements to the protocol. The extent of voting power a user has is proportional to the number of governance tokens they hold. The governance process is decentralized, which means anyone can submit a proposal and anyone can vote. DEXs offer unique benefits that can make them a compelling alternative to CEX.


After you’ve confirmed the action and your transaction has been processed, you’ll receive a confirmation for your contribution along with UNI-V2 LP tokens representing your liquidity share in the pool. No party is able to pause the contracts, reverse trade execution, or otherwise change the behavior of the protocol in any way. It is worth noting that Uniswap Governance has the right to divert a percentage of swap fees on any pool to a specified address.

Concentrated Liquidity presents a brilliant example of how upgrades to liquidity efficiency at the protocol level benefit all users. Centralized exchanges have been the backbone of the cryptocurrency market for years due to their deep liquidity, faster transactions, fiat on-ramps and customer support. However, decentralized exchanges are gaining popularity as users are attracted by the lower trading fees, security, privacy and accessibility. Every Uniswap liquidity pool is essentially a new trading pair of ERC-20 tokens.

Route trades

However, decentralized exchanges have their own problems, mainly lack of liquidity—which means a lack of amount of money sloshing around an exchange that makes trading faster and more efficient. Currently, this fee option is turned off, however, if it is ever turned on it means LPs will start receiving 0.25% of pool trading fees. The vast majority of crypto trading takes place on centralized exchanges such as Coinbase and Binance. These platforms are governed by a single authority , require users to place funds under their control and use a traditional order book system to facilitate trading. Developers, traders, and liquidity providers participate together in a financial marketplace that is open and accessible to all. Yield farming, or liquidity mining, is the practice of staking / depositing cryptocurrencies you hold in return for rewards.

The main problem with this type of system is liquidity, which in this context refers to the depth and number of orders there are on the order book at any given time. If there’s low liquidity, it means traders may not be able to fill their buy or sell orders. Governance Forum Participate by proposing upgrades and discussing the future of the protocol with the Uniswap community.Sybil Vote on offchain proposals with the Snapshot interface. Votes are weighted by the number of UNI delegates.Governance Portal Vote on official Uniswap governance proposals and view past proposals. Kriptomat offers a secure storage solution, allowing you to both store and trade your UNI tokens without hassle. Storing your UNI with Kriptomat provides you with enterprise-grade security and user-friendly functionality.


As a result of massive congestion on the Ethereum network, transaction fees have shot through the roof—making trading on Uniswap an expensive task, particularly when concerning low-value trades. Interfaces such as Zapper.fi allow users to add funds to Uniswap pools using just ETH instead of ETH and another token. The interface even offers simple one-click solutions for purchasing pool tokens in combination with bZx token strategies. As a result, the price of tokens on Uniswap can only change if trades occur.

If they don’t, the liquidity they added is at risk of being arbitraged. If the depositing user believes that the current price is incorrect, they may actually arbitrage it to the level they desire, and then add the liquidity at that price. The UNI token is designed to be used in the future governance of the Uniswap protocol. UNI holders who hold 1% or more of the total UNI supply can submit development proposals, while any UNI holder, regardless of how much they hold, is able to vote on these proposals.

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